The mission of The Department of Afro-American Research Arts and Culture to identify the global significance of the creative contributions pioneered by an international diaspora of Blackness
The Department of Afro American Research, Arts, and Culture's Archive is a subdivision of DAARAC that digitally preserves Afro American films. On this website, you may browse our archive that consists of film posters, screenshots, and movie synopsis. All information provided here is for research and reference purposes. We do not host full-length films on this website.

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Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Legend: Sun Ra

This post is definitely going to be one of my favorite post I have done on BP. Sun Ra is simply genius. His life is beyond music and deeper than what you may hear. I'm proud to make this post and I hope everyone take advantages of the selected biographies I will have listed. I am only going to post a summary of Sun Ra, but its much deeper than what I am posting.


Sun Ra (May 22, 1914 to May 30, 1993) was an innovative and individual jazz composer, bandleader and piano and synthesizer player, who came to be known as much for preaching his bizarre cosmic philosophy as for his phenomenal musical compositions and performances.


Born Herman "Sonny" Blount in Birmingham, Alabama, he abandoned his birth name and took on the name of Sun Ra (Ra being the name of the ancient Egyptian god of the Sun) and headed a band with an ever-changing ensemble known as the "Arkestra" (or sometimes "Solar Arkestra").

The musical development of Sun Ra can be (loosely) categorized into three periods:

The first period of the 1950s was when his music evolved from big-band Swing into the outer space-themed "cosmic jazz" he was best known for. Early inhis career, Ra worked as an arranger for Fletcher Henderson. Music critics and jazz historians say some of his best work was recorded during this period. Notable Sun Ra albums from the 1950s include Sun Ra Visits Planet Earth, Interstellar Low Ways, Angels And Demons At Play, We Travel The Spaceways, and Jazz In Silhouette (among many others).
It was during the 1950s that Sun Ra began wearing the outlandish, Egyptian-styled costumes and headdresses he would be known for. Claiming that he was not from the Planet Earth but rather from Saturn, Ra developed a complicated persona of "cosmic" philosophies and lyrical poetry that preached "awareness" and peace above all. He eschewed racism (having been a victim of it many times, in regards to the touring and booking schedule of the Arkestra), though he rarely came out and directly spoke about any controversial subjects. He preferred to make music, which he did, as the cast of musicians touring and working with him changed on an almost daily basis.
(The most notable graduate of the Sun Ra Arkestra was John Gilmore, a saxophonist whose work influenced that of John Coltrane).
During the 1960s, his music underwent a chaotic, free jazz experimental period. It was during this period that his popularity reached its peak, as the "beat generation" and the psychedelic era embraced him. In this era, Ra was among the first of any musicians to make extensive use of synthesizers and other various electronic instruments. Newcomers to Ra's music may have difficulty with his albums of this era. Notable titles from this period include The Magic City, When Sun Comes Out, The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, Volume One and Other Planes Of There.
During their third period, beginning in the 1970s and onward, Sun Ra and the Arkestra settled down into a more conventional method (though still highly eclectic and energetic), and Ra took a liking to the films of Walt Disney. He incorporated smatterings of Disney's musical numbers into many of his performances from then on; and in the late 1980s the Arkestra even performed a concert at Walt Disney World. The Arkestra's version of "Pink Elephants on Parade" is available on Stay Awake, a compilation of Disney tunes by many artists.
A number of Sun Ra's 1970s concerts are available on CD, but none have received a wide release in comparison to his earlier music. The album Atlantis can be considered the landmark that led into his 1970s era.

During his career Sun Ra recorded over one hundred albums, but many of them were printed on microlabels, and his music was largely unknown outside of the live jazz touring circuit. In the 1990s, after he had left this plane of existence, many of his recordings were released on compact disc for the first time under the Ihnfinity Music label.

The Arkestra continues to tour and perform as of November 2003, now led by alto saxophonist Marshall Allen.

Sun Ra and his Arkestra were the subject of a documentary film made in 1972 and a feature film entitled Space Is The Place in 1974. The soundtrack, also by Sun Ra, is available on CD.

Some recommended albums (by no means all-inclusive): Atlantis, Supersonic Jazz, Cosmic Tones for Mental Therapy, We Travel the Spaceways, Singles, Languidity, The Magic City.

Brother From Another Planet [Documentary On Sun Ra]

  • 1957 - Jazz by Sun Ra, Vol. 1 (a.k.a Sun Song)
  • 1957 - Super-Sonic Jazz (a.k.a. Super Sonic Sounds)
  • 1958/59 - Jazz in Silhouette
  • 1961 - The Futuristic Sounds of Sun Ra (a.k.a. We Are In the Future)
  • 1963 - When Sun Comes Out
  • 1964 - Gods on Safari
  • 1963-67 - Angels and Demons at Play
  • 1965 - Art Forms of Dimensions Tomorrow
  • 1965 - Fate in a Pleasant Mood
  • 1965 - Rocket Number Nine Take off for the Planet Venus (a.k.a. Interstellar Low Ways)
  • 1965 - Secrets of the Sun
  • 1965 - The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, Volume I (a.k.a Cosmic Equation; Other Worlds)
  • 1966 - The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, Volume II (a.k.a. The Sun Myth)
  • 1966 - Other Planes of There
  • 1966 - The Lady With the Golden Stockings (a.k.a. The Nubians of Plutonia)
  • 1966 - The Magic City
  • 1966 - Visits Planet Earth
  • 1966 - When Angels Speak of Love
  • 1967 - Cosmic Tones for Mental Therapy
  • 1967 - Strange Strings
  • 1967 - We Travel the Spaceways
  • 1968 - Monorails and Satellites, Volume I
  • 1968 - Sound of Joy
  • 1969 - Atlantis
  • 1969/70 - Continuation
  • 1969 - Monorails and Satellites, Volume II
  • 1970 - Holiday for Soul Dance
  • 1970 - My Brother the Wind
  • 1970 - Night of the Purple Moon
  • 1970 - Nothing Is (a.k.a. Heliocentric Worlds Volume 3; Dancing Shadows)
  • 1970 - Sound Sun Pleasure!!
  • 1971 - It's After the End of the World: Live at the Donaueschingen and Berlin Festivals
  • 1971 - My Brother the Wind Vol.2 (a.k.a. Otherness)
  • 1971 - Nidhamu
  • 1971 - Nuits de la Fondation Maeght, Volume I
  • 1971 - Nuits de la Fondation Maeght, Volume II
  • 1971 - Pictures of Infinity (a.k.a. Outer Spaceways, Incorporated)
  • 1971 - The Solar-Myth Approach, Volume I
  • 1971 - The Solar-Myth Approach, Volume II
  • 1972 - Bad and Beautiful
  • 1972 - It Is Forbidden (at the Ann Arbor Blues & Jazz Festival in Exile)
  • 1972 - Universe in Blue
  • 1973 - Astro Black
  • 1973 - Deep Purple (a.k.a. Dreams Come True)
  • 1973 - Discipline 27-II
  • 1973 - Space Is the Place
  • 1974 - Horizon (a.k.a. Starsnatchers)
  • 1974 - Outer Spaceways Incorporated (a.k.a. A Tonal View of Times Tomorrow, volume 3)
  • 1974 - Space Probe
  • 1974 - Sub Underground (a.k.a. Temple U; Cosmo-Earth Fantasy)
  • 1974 - The Invisible Shield (a.k.a. Janus; A Tonal View of Times Tomorrow, vol. 2; Satellites Are Outerspace....)
  • 1975 - Pathways to Unknown Worlds
  • 1975 - What's New?
  • 1976 - Cosmos
  • 1976 - Featuring Pharoah Sanders and Black Harold
  • 1976 - Live at Montreux
  • 1977 - Solo Piano, Volume I
  • 1977 - Somewhere Over the Rainbow (a.k.a. We Live To Be)
  • 1977 - Taking a Chance on Chances
  • 1977 - The Soul Vibrations of Man
  • 1978 - Lanquidity
  • 1978 - Media Dreams (a.k.a. Saturn Research)
  • 1978 - New Steps
  • 1978 - Other Voices, Other Blues
  • 1978 - Some Blues But Not the Kind Thats Blue (a.k.a. Nature Boy; My Favorite Things)
  • 1978 - St. Louis Blues (a.k.a. Solo Piano, Volume II)
  • 1978 - The Antique Blacks
  • 1978 - The Sound Mirror: Live in Philadelphia '78
  • 1978 - Unity
  • 1979 - Disco 3000
  • 1979 - God Is More Than Love Can Ever Be (a.k.a. Blithe Spirit Dance; Days of Happiness; Trio)
  • 1979 - I, Pharaoh
  • 1979 - Omniverse
  • 1979 - Sleeping Beauty (a.k.a. Door of the Cosmos)
  • 1979 - The Other Side of the Sun
  • 1980 - On Jupiter (a.k.a. Seductive Fantasy)
  • 1980 - Sunrise in Different Dimensions
  • 1980 - Voice of the Eternal Tomorrow (a.k.a.The Rose Hue Mansions of the Sun)
  • 1981 - Aurora Borealis (a.k.a. Ra Rachmaninov)
  • 1981 - Beyond The Purple Star Zone (a.k.a. Immortal Being)
  • 1981 - Dance of Innocent Passion
  • 1981 - Of Mythic Worlds
  • 1982 - Oblique Parallax (a.k.a. Journey Stars Beyond)
  • 1982 - Strange Celestial Road
  • 1983 - Just Friends
  • 1983 - Ra to the Rescue
  • 1983 - The Sun Ra Arkestra Meets Salah Ragab in Egypt
  • 1984 - A Fireside Chat With Lucifer
  • 1984 - Celestial Love
  • 1984 - Live at Praxis '84, Volume I
  • 1984 - Nuclear War
  • 1985 - Cosmo Sun Connection
  • 1985 - Hiroshima (a.k.a. Stars that Shine Darkly, Volume I)
  • 1985 - Live at Praxis '84, Volume II
  • 1985 - Outer Reach Intensity-Energy (a.k.a. Stars that Shine Darkly, Volume II)
  • 1985 - When Spaceships Appear (a.k.a. Cosmo-Party Blues; Children of the Sun)
  • 1986 - Live at Praxis '84, Volume III
  • 1987 - A Night in East Berlin
  • 1987 - Reflections in Blue
  • 1988 - Cosmo Omnibus Imagiable Illusion: Live at Pit-Inn
  • 1988 - Hidden Fire I
  • 1988 - Hidden Fire II
  • 1988 - Love in Outer Space: Live in Utrecht
  • 1989 - Blue Delight
  • 1990 - Live in London 1990
  • 1990 - Purple Night
  • 1992 - Mayan Temples
  • 1992 - Destination Unknown
  • 1993 - At the Village Vanguard
  • 1993 - Concert for the Comet Kohoutek
  • 1993 - Friendly Galaxy
  • 1993 - Pleiades
  • 1993 - A Tribute To Stuff Smith
  • 1993 - Soundtrack to the Film Space Is the Place
  • 1993 - Somewhere Else

After Death Releases

  • 1994 - A Quiet Place in the Universe
  • 1994 - Live at the Hackney Empire
  • 1994 - Live From Soundscape NYC
  • 1995 - Second Star to the Right (Salute to Walt Disney)
  • 1996 - Stardust From Tomorrow
  • 1999 - Life Is Splendid
  • 1999 - Outer Space Employment Agency
  • 2000 - God's Private Eye
  • 2000 - Standards
  • 2002 - Music From Tomorrow's World
  • 2003 - Live in Paris at the Gibus
  • 2003 - Piano Recital: Teatro La Fenice, Venezia
  • 2005 - The Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, Vol. 3 - The Lost Tapes
  • 2006 - What Planet Is This?
  • 2006 - Live at Club Lingerie
  • 2006 - Live at Myron's Ballroom
  • 2007 - Creator of the Universe - The Lost Reel Collection, Volume One
  • 2007 - Complete Detroit Jazz Center Residency
  • 2007 - Dance of the Living Image
  • 2007 - Intergalactic Research
  • 2007 - The Shadows Took Shape

Resources & Selected Biographies

Sunday, March 8, 2009

Tompall & The Glaser Brothers - ...Tick..Tick...Tick... (1970)

All tracks are songs sung by Tompall and the Glaser Brothers
1. Theme from "...tick...tick...tick..." (Set Yourself Free) (03:23)
2. California Girl (And the Tennessee Square) (02:42)
3. Why Do You Do Me Like You Do (01:59)
4. All That Keeps Ya' Going (02:09)
5. Where Has All the Love Gone (02:27)
6. Woman, Woman (03:11)
7. What Does It Take (02:32)
8. Home's Where the Hurt Is (02:37)
9. Walk Unashamed (03:09)
10. Gentle On My Mind (02:39)

Total Duration: 00:26:48
In 1969 Tompall & the Glaser Brothers fulfilled their contract with MGM, and as an incentive to re-sign offered to score the company's newest film, the racially charged drama Tick...Tick...Tick.... The film's producers scrapped the existing soundtrack and replaced it with previously released songs from the Glaser Brothers' back catalog, with the exception of "Theme from Tick...Tick...Tick...," which was written by fellow country outlaw and frequent Tompall collaborator Hoover. Unfairly lumped into the blaxpoitation genre, the film follows a newly elected black sheriff, Jim Brown, and his predecessor, George Kennedy, as they struggle to unite a bigoted and polarized Southern county. Director Ralph Nelson utilizes these songs much in the same way that Mike Nichols built The Graduate around the music of Simon & Garfunkel. Characters chase each other through empty fields and townies bake in the heat of summer on rickety porch swings, all the while propelled by the Glaser Brothers' tight country-folk. Outstanding versions of "All That Keeps Ya Going" -- also by Hoover -- and John Hartford's "Gentle on My Mind" add a level of amiable compassion to the film that would have buckled under the weight of an orchestral score. However, it's the banjo-fueled title theme that makes this sought-after soundtrack so appealing, as it manages to mix country, soul, and a gospel-tinged chorus into a sepia-toned snapshot of the '60s that is genuinely moving.
Review by James Christopher Monger

Provided by Cinemageddon user Twistin thru Funkback
Link to movie review
Ralph Nelson - ...Tick...Tick...Tick (1970)

Saturday, March 7, 2009

...tick... tick... tick... (1970)


This is the story of a black man who has been elected sheriff in a U.S. southern county, due to the vote of blacks. He receives a huge amount of hostility from the non-tolerant white establishment, making his job very hard. The white former sheriff has his own struggle, as he balances his devotion to the law with his family and community relations. Things come to a head when the black sheriff puts a white man, the son of a wealthy land-owner of a neighboring county, in jail, and his daddy comes after him. Everyone around has to decide where their values really lie.

Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Legends: Smokey Robinson & The Miracles

Smokey Robinson & The Miracles

Smokey Robinson (b. William Robinson, 19th February 1940, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.)

Emerson Rogers (Emerson Rogers left, and was replaced by his sister Claudette, who married Smokey Robinson in 1959.)

Bobby Rogers (b. 19th February 1940, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.)

Ronnie White (b. 5th April 1939, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A., d. 26th August 1995)

and Warren 'Pete' Moore (b. 19th November 1939, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.).


In mid-1950s Detroit, there lived Five little Chimes--well, maybe not so little since they were then high schoolers. Their names were James Grice, Donald Wicker, Clarence Dawson, Warren Moore, and William Robinson.

The winds of change blew away the first three youths. Ronnie White and cousins Emerson ("Sonny") and Bobby Rogers swept in to replace them. At this point, the group became the Matadors--sturdier-sounding in name if not music. When another draft (the war kind) removed Sonny from the group, his sister Claudette stepped in.

In 1957, they tried out before the manager of red-hot Jackie Wilson. No dice. Luckily, witness Berry Gordy trailed after the dejected rejectees and asked to hear more, specifically from "Smokey." The singers soon slipped under Gordy's wing and a new name: the Miracles.

Their first single, a 1958 answer record to a Silhouettes song, had an apt title: "Got a Job." That's what Primettes guitarist Marv Tarplin snagged with the group, too, after the future Supremes informally auditioned before Smokey.

Although the Miracles bumbled through their first live performance, the shy, eager teens entered the fast track when Gordy established the Tamla and Motown labels. "Shop Around" rocketed to the top of the R&B and pop charts and the Miracles began their ascent.

At Motown, the singers learned to juggle sparkling ballads like "You've Really Got a Hold on Me," "Ooo Baby Baby," and "The Tracks of My Tears" with sportier tunes like "Mickey's Monkey" and "Going to a Go-Go." With their juicy harmonies, newfound athleticism, and Smokey Robinson's lofty tenor, they proved their worth on the world stage.

Changes had kept brewing, however. A year after marrying Smokey, Claudette withdrew from touring, but still pitched in vocally on records. In 1965, the group became Smokey Robinson and the Miracles, cementing the lead's individual stardom.

Hits like "I Second That Emotion" and "The Tears of a Clown" followed. But it was only a matter of time before the group's biggest adjustment.

In 1972, Billy Griffin filled in for Smokey Robinson. With the 20-year-old falsetto, the Miracles stayed productive, sending "Do It Baby" and "Don't Cha Love It" up the charts. They got huge numbers with "Love Machine" in 1976.

That decade, with City of Angels's "Ain't Nobody Straight in L.A." and Love Crazy's FBI-denounced "Spy for Brotherhood," Miracles songs courted controversy as well as ladies. Not so naïve anymore, huh?

By then (1977), these Motown singers had become Columbia artists. Soon after, Griffin and Moore split for solo singing and producing, respectively. New Miracles arose in the late 1980s with Bobby Rogers.

Sadly, classic Miracles baritone Ronnie White died of leukemia in 1995. But you can still find the group performing in some form. Billy Griffin (or Smokey Robinson) and the Miracles CDs help recapture the glory days, as well.

Despite their awkward beginnings, the real "miracles" were not the singers' successes, which they deserved. Their lovingly performed Motown oldies showed that popular music, so fraught with frivolity, could also be pure magic.


  • Hi, We're The Miracles (Tamla 1961)
  • Cookin' With The Miracles (Tamla 1962)
  • I'll Try Something New (Tamla 1962)
  • The Fabulous Miracles (Tamla 1963)
  • Recorded Live: On Stage (Tamla 1963)
  • Christmas With The Miracles (Tamla 1963)
  • The Miracles Doin-Mickey's Monkey'(Tamla 1963)
  • Going To A Go-Go (Tamla 1965)
  • I Like It Like That (Tamla 1965)
  • Away We A Go-Go (Tamla 1966)
  • Make It Happen (Tamla 1967)
  • Special Occasion (Tamla 1968)
  • Live! (Tamla 1969)
  • Time Out For Smokey Robinson And The Miracles (Tamla 1969)
  • Four In Blue (Tamla 1969)
  • What Love Has Joined Together (Tamla 1970)
  • A Pocket Full Of Miracles (Tamla 1970)
  • The Season For Miracles (Tamla 1970)
  • One Dozen Roses (Tamla 1971)
  • Flying High Together (Tamla 1972)
  • Renaissance (Tamla 1973)
  • Do It Baby (Tamla 1974)
  • Don't Cha Love It (Tamla 1975)
  • City Of Angels (Tamla 1975)
  • The Power Of Music (Tamla 1976)
  • Love Crazy (Columbia 1977)
  • The Miracles (Columbia 1978)


Smokey Robinson

b. Williarm Robinson, 19th February 1940, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.


Smokey Robinson was the founding member of the Miracles at Northern High School, Detroit. In 1955, Robinson became one of the major figures in the local music scene by the end of the Fifties. That year he met Berry Gordy, who was writing songs for R & B star Jackie Wilson, and looking for local acts to produce. Berry Gordy took the teenager under his wing. He produced a series of Miracles singles in 1958 and 1959, all of which featured Robinson as composer and lead singer, and leased them to prominent R & B labels.

In 1960, he signed the Miracles to his Motown Records stable, and began to promote Robinson as a substantial colleague. In Motown's early days, Smokey was involved in every part of the company's operations, writing, producing and making his own records, helping in the business of promotion and auditioning many of the young hopefuls who were attracted by Berry Gordy's growing reputation as an businessman.

Smokey had begun his career as a producer by overseeing the recording of the Miracles' 'Way Over There', and soon afterwards he was involved with developing the talents of Mary Wells and The Supremes. Mary Wells soon became Robinson's most successful protogee. Smokey wrote and produced a series of hit singles for her between 1962 and 1964.

These records, such as 'You Beat Me To The Punch', 'Two Lovers' and 'My Guy', demonstrated his growing confidence as a songwriter. Although Smokey was unable to turn the Supremes into a hit-making act, he experienced no such failure in his relationship with Motown's leading male group of the mid-60's, The Temptations.

Between 1964 and 1965, Smokey was responsible for the records that established their reputation. 'The Way You Do The Things You Do' set the hit sequence in motion, followed by the ballad 'My Girl' (later equally popular in the hands of Otis Redding), the dance number 'Get Ready', 'Since I Lost My Baby' and 'It's Growing'.

During the same period, Robinson helped to create two of Marvin Gaye's most memorable early hits, Ain't That Peculiar' and 'I'll Be Doggone'. Throughout the 60's, Smokey combined this production and A & R work with his own career as leader of The Miracles.

He married fellow group member Claudette Rogers in 1959, and she provided the inspiration for Miracles hits such as 'You've Really Got A Hold On Me' and 'Ooh Baby Baby'. During the mid-60's, Robinson worked with fellow Miracle Ronnie White, and Motown guitarist Marv Tarplin.

As the decade progressed, Bob Dylan referred to Robinson apparently without irony, as 'America's greatest living poet'. Smokey's lyric-writing scaled new heights on ballads such as 'The Love I Saw In You Was Just A Mirage' and 'I Second That Emotion'. From 1967 onwards, Robinson was given individual credit on the Miracles' releases.

For the next two years, their commercial fortunes went into a slide, which was corrected when their 1965 recording of 'The Tracks Of My Tears' became a major hit in Britain in 1969, and the four-year old 'The Tears Of A Clown' achieved similar success on both sides of the Atlantic in 1970.

At the end of the decade, Smokey resumed his career as a producer and writer for other acts, collaborating with The Marvelettes on 'The Hunter Gets Captured By The Game', and The Four Tops on 'Still Water'. Business concerns were occupying an increasing proportion of his time, however, and in 1971 he announced that he would be leaving the Miracles the following year, to concentrate on his role as Vice-President of the Motown corporation.

A year after the split, Smokey launched his solo career, enjoying a hit single with 'Sweet Harmony', an affectionate tribute to his former group, and issuing the excellent 'Smokey'. The album included the song 'Just My Soul Responding', a piece of social comment about the USA's treatment of blacks and American Indians.

Smokey maintained a regular release schedule through the mid-70's, with one new album arriving every year. He continued to break new songwriting ground and describing a new genre to a new style of soft soul on 1975's 'A Quiet Storm'. Singles such as 'Baby That's Backatcha' and 'The Agony And The Ecstasy' sold well on the black market. His first film soundtrack project, 'Big Time', in 1977, was played extensively on the U.K., Soul Shows.

Smokey returned in 1979 with 'Cruisin', his biggest chart success since 'The Tears Of A Clown' nine years earlier. Two years later, he gained his first UK number 1 with 'Being With You', a love song that came close to equalling that achievement in the U.S.A.

'Tell Me Tomorrow' enjoyed more Stateside success in 1982, and Robinson settled into another relaxed release schedule that saw him through the 80's on a series of regular small hits and consistent album sales.

Smokey was contributing significantly less new material, however, and his 1988 autobiography, 'Smokey', revealed that he had been battling against cocaine addiction for much of the decade. Although his marriage to Claudette failed, he returned to full health and creativity, and enjoyed two big hits in 1987, 'Just To See Her' and 'One Heartbeat'.

He returned to recording in 1999 releasing 'Intimacy'.

This album contains, probably, one of his finest moments with 'Easy To Love'.

Voted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame in 1988, Smokey Robinson is now one of the senior figures in popular music, a writer and producer still best remembered for his outstanding work in the 60's, but who has seldom betrayed the responsibility of that legacy since then.


  • Smokey (Tamla 1973)
  • Pure Smokey (Tamla 1974)
  • A Quiet Storm (Tamla 1975)
  • Smokey's Family Robinson (Tamla 1976)
  • Deep In My Soul (Tamla 1977)
  • Big Time (Tamla 1977)
  • Love Breeze (Tamla 1978)
  • Smokin' (Tamla 1978)
  • Where There's Smoke (Tamla 1979)
  • Warm Thoughts (Tamla 1980)
  • Being With You (Tamla 1981)
  • Yes It's You Lady (Tamla 1982)
  • Touch The Sky (Tamla 1983)
  • Blame It On Love (Tamla 1983)
  • Essar (Tamla 1984)
  • Smoke Signals (Tamla 1985)
  • One Heartbeat (Motown 1987)
  • Love, Smokey (Motown 1990)
  • Double Good Everything (SBK 1991)
  • Intimate (Motown 1999)
  • Food for the Spirit (CNR Records 2004)
  • Timeless Love (New Doors 2006)

References & Biographies